Offline pulse-width modulation controller for low standby power supplies
STCH03 offline pulse-width modulation (PWM) controller from STMicroelectronics combines high integration with accurate constant-current output using primary-side regulation enabling economical mobile chargers, power adapters or auxiliary supplies to meet eco-design limits for average efficiency and standby power.
At heavier loads, the STCH03 helps maximise efficiency by operating in quasi-resonant mode with zero-voltage switching controlled by detecting transformer demagnetisation.
The detection circuitry also provides for line-voltage feed-forward control, which the company says helps ensure accurate constant-current regulation.
Maintaining operation at the boundary of continuous and discontinuous transformer current, the STCH03 limits the converter’s maximum operating frequency to 167kHz depending on line/load conditions, and implements valley-skipping for best efficiency as the load reduces.
Energy-saving features including zero-power high-voltage startup circuitry, as well as low quiescent current and burst-mode switching when the load is low or disconnected, keep standby power below 10mW to help chargers and adapters meet tough legislation – such as the incoming CoC Tier 2 power supply efficiency specifications.
Low peak current eliminates audible noise at light load or no load, and the STCH03 features an adaptive under-voltage lockout to ensure consistent operation at low values of transformer auxiliary bias voltage.
With accurate primary-side constant-current regulation, the STCH03 eliminates output-current sensing components, thereby reducing the charger bill of materials. The integrated startup circuitry, which consumes zero power when inactive, also saves external components.
The STCH03 also features over-temperature and over-voltage protection with auto-restart or optional latching operation in the STCH03L variant. In addition, soft-start prevents high peak currents at startup, and output under-voltage protection lets the device operate safely in case of an output short-circuit or low output voltage under constant-current control.
The STCH03 is in production now, comes in the SO-8 package and is priced from $0.54 for orders of 1000 pieces.
This news story is brought to you by softei.com, the specialist site dedicated to delivering information about what’s new in the electronics industry, with daily news updates, new products and industry news.